Where to spot a puffin in North Wales

See Article History Alternative Title: Cymru Wales, constituent unit of the United Kingdom that forms a westward extension of the island of Great Britain. The capital and main commercial and financial centre is Cardiff. Conwy Castle, along the River Conwy, Wales. Welsh engineers, linguists, musicians, writers, and soldiers went on to make significant contributions to the development of the larger British Empire even as many of their compatriots laboured at home to preserve cultural traditions and even the Welsh language itself, which enjoyed a revival in the late 20th century. In the British government, with the support of the Welsh electorate, provided Wales with a measure of autonomy through the creation of the Welsh Assembly, which assumed decision-making authority for most local matters. Although Wales was shaken by the decline of its industrial mainstay, coal mining , by the end of the 20th century the country had developed a diversified economy, particularly in the cities of Cardiff and Swansea , while the countryside, once reliant on small farming, drew many retirees from England. In the face of constant change, Wales continues to seek both greater independence and a distinct place in an integrated Europe.

St Cybi’s Well

On Bardsey Island, thousands of Manx shearwaters fill the night skies with their unearthly caterwauling as they return to breed in their cliff-side burrows; and on the Gwylan Islands off Aberdaron, hundreds of puffins are busily feeding their chicks. Follow the coastal footpath from Aberdaron and the further you travel the stronger the feeling of the land running out.

Below the path lie sandy coves and beaches, each sheltered by haggard headlands and lapped by an emerald sea so clear it could be the Mediterranean. But this is the Llyn Peninsula, a tapering finger of patchwork fields and brooding hilltops separating Caernarvon Bay from Tremadoc Bay. The final stretch is criss-crossed by lanes barely wide enough for a car, many leading to nowhere but lonely farmhouses high above the sea, until at last you are standing on the cliffs at Braich y Pwll with nothing between you and the blue horizon but the whale-backed silhouette of Bardsey Island.

South Wales stretches south of the heartland on an immense but largely exhausted coalfield.

Norman invasion of Wales and Wales in the Late Middle Ages The southern and eastern parts of Great Britain lost to English settlement became known in Welsh as Lloegyr Modern Welsh Lloegr , which may have referred to the kingdom of Mercia originally and which came to refer to England as a whole. His sons in turn would found three principal dynasties Aberffraw for Gwynedd, Dinefwr for Deheubarth and Mathrafal for Powys. Rhodri’s grandson Hywel Dda r. Maredudd’s great-grandson through his daughter Princess Angharad Gruffydd ap Llywelyn r.

Historian John Davies states that Gruffydd was “the only Welsh king ever to rule over the entire territory of Wales Thus, from about until his death in , the whole of Wales recognised the kingship of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn. For about seven brief years, Wales was one, under one ruler, a feat with neither precedent nor successor. With Llywelyn’s death and his brother prince Dafydd ‘s execution, the few remaining Welsh lords did homage for their lands to Edward I.

Beaumaris , Caernarfon and Conwy.

North Wales

Bilingual road markings near Cardiff Airport. In Welsh-speaking areas, the Welsh signage appears first. Although Welsh is a minority language, support for it grew during the second half of the 20th century, along with the rise of organisations such as the nationalist political party Plaid Cymru from and Welsh Language Society from The Welsh Language Act and the Government of Wales Act provide that the Welsh and English languages be treated equally in the public sector, as far as is reasonable and practicable.

Each public body is required to prepare for approval a Welsh Language Scheme , which indicates its commitment to the equality of treatment principle.

Seabirds and shorebirds occur in large numbers, and bottlenose dolphins inhabit Cardigan Bay.

It is approached by crossing a stile at the east end of the churchyard and then following a path to the far corner, across another stile, and down the side of a field into the valley. The well is one of the most elaborate structures of its kind in this area of north Wales, consisting of two well chambers, a cottage for a custodian and a small detached latrine building.

The main approach is across a stone causeway on the eastern side of a low-lying waterlogged field. Another shorter causeway can be seen running from the well to the ruined remains of the latrine building. The main well chamber below right is built of large blocks of stone which have the external appearance of being dry-built, but which are mortared on their inner face. The two western corners to the left of the chamber are chamfered in all but their lowest courses and there was a similar chamfer at the north-eastern corner back right , where the chamber is now joined to the cottage.

No evidence survives to show whether the south-eastern corner was also chamfered, but the use of two very large blocks of stone to the left of the cottage doorway may point to some rebuilding in this corner. The well is traditionally associated with St Cybi who is reputed to have settled in this part of Wales sometime around the middle of the sixth century A. Cybi is one of a group of Welsh saints whose Lives are to be found in a manuscript dating to this period.

According to the Life, Cybi was born in Cornwall. He had travelled widely, particularly in the Irish Sea area, before, as a result of a dispute in Ireland, he came with his disciples to north-west Wales.

North Wales Tourist Information Centres

South Wales stretches south of the heartland on an immense but largely exhausted coalfield.

Antique Shops in North Wales

Plant and animal life The combination of physical conditions and centuries of human activity in Wales has brought about a predominance of grasslands, varying from mountain grasses and heather to lowland pastures of bent grass Agrostis and ryegrass.

Wales rugby international George North and Olympian Becky James have got engaged

Porth y Swnt in Aberdaron ; nationaltrust.

Welsh language

Bilingual road sign near Wrexham Central station.

Dating in Wales